Installation procedure for Atari STe (and Mega STe) computers

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If you're confident about opening up your STe and exchanging the ROM chips and possibly also do some simple soldering you can upgrade your STe with TOS 2.06 by following the steps below (most of it applies for the Mega STe as well, where some early models came with the more buggy TOS 2.05)...

1. Be sure power is turned off and the power connector has been unplugged.

2. Turn the computer facing top-down and remove the screws holding the top/bottom parts of the plastic casing as well as the disk drive.
Carefully turn the computer over again. The top half of the case should detach easily now. You should also be able to move the disk drive aside.

3. Locate the two TOS ROM chips. They're marked "U102" and "U103" on the computer's circuit board and found underneath the floppy disk drive.

Ste pcb.gif

4. If your existing ROM chips are socketed, remove them carefully by prying them out of their sockets with a flat screwdriver.

5. If your ROMs are soldered directly to the STe circuit board you need to desolder them.

This is NOT an easy task as we're talking about a double-sided circuit board here. If you don't know exactly what you're doing and have no prior experience with this sort of thing it's best left to a qualified engineer as you can easily ruin the circuit board, rendering the computer useless!!

Once the existing ROM chips have been removed, insert two new 32 pin IC sockets in their places. The old ROMs are most likely of the shorter (28 pin) type, but the STe circuit board has room for ROMs with 32 pins.
Observe the small notch at one end of the IC sockets and line them up with the silk-screen print on the circuit board to avoid any confusion when installing the new chips.

6. Once you've installed the new sockets you're ready to insert the new TOS 2.06 ROMs.

You should have received two chips. Look at them closely and you'll find that one is marked "E0" (or "LO") and and the other "EE" (or "HI").
You should find similar identifications on the STe circuit board near the ROM sockets.

Insert the ROMs, observing the markings as well as the notch. Inserting them the wrong way will most likely damage both the ROMs and the computer!

Various types of ROMs can be used with the STe/Mega STe...
Use the table below as a guide on how to insert the 28 or 32 pin ROMs and how to set the jumpers.

Type Description No. of pins/placement Jumper settings

27010 (1)
27C1001 (1)
571000

128k x 8 (1 mbit) EPROM?
128k x 8 (1 mbit) EPROM
128k x 8 (1 mbit) ROM

ROM32.GIF

27010.GIF

27C1000 (2)
571001

128k x 8 (1 mbit) EPROM
128k x 8 (1 mbit) ROM


ROM32.GIF

27c1000.gif

531000 128k x 8 (128 kbit) ROM

ROM28.GIF

27c1000.gif

27256 32k x 8 (256 kbit) EPROM

ROM28.GIF

27256.gif

27512 64k x 8 (512 kbit) EPROM

ROM28.GIF

27512.gif

STe TOS
(unknown ROM type)
TOS 1.6/1.62 ROM

ROM28.GIF

27c1000.gif


1 = Different manufacturers supply this type of EPROM with two of the pins exchanged.

Only EPROMs with the following pin assignment can be used with this particular jumper setting:
pin 2="A16"? pin 24="OE"

Check with relevant datasheets for the particular EPROM in question.

2 = Different manufacturers supply this type of EPROM with two of the pins exchanged.

Only EPROMs with the following pin assignment can be used with this particular jumper setting:

pin 2="OE"? pin 24="A16"

Check with relevant datasheets for the particular EPROM in question.

7. Depending on what kind of ROMs/EPROMs you received you might also need to set the jumpers in order to recognize the new type of TOS chips.
The three ROM jumpers are marked "W102", "W103" and "W104" and are found close to the ROM sockets on the STe circuit board. They might look like resistors (actually 0 Ohm resistors to ease the automated production process at Atari) or wires soldered into position.
Refer to the table above to see how they should be positioned.

You can either cut the existing jumpers and resolder them back in their new positions from the top (component-side) of the circuit board (as the circuit board is double sided), or you can flip it over and solder the jumpers from the solder-side. The latter takes a little more effort as you have to remove more than just the top cover and the disk drive.
You can also turn the STe circuit board over and solder from that side if you like.

8. You're now done installing TOS 2.06, but before applying power you should re-check to see if you've done everything right.

If you want to get an additional "high-density" option when formatting from the desktop you can solder a wire across the "E6" jumper pad as shown in the following illustration (you'll find the jumper pad field near the ROM jumpers on the STe circuit board).

Hd jumpr.gif
(naturally, adding this option only makes sense if you have (or plan to install) a high density disk drive in your machine. STe computers were all supplied with double-density (720 Kbyte) disk drives.

PS: since TOS 2.06 was designed to support High-Density disk drives, the "step-rate" is set to 6ms by TOS which has the side-effect of creating a nasty grinding noise with standard 720 Kbyte (DD) drives. If you don't have a HD disk drive you can easily change the step-rate back to 3ms (as with older TOS versions) by using a step-rate changer program such as HD_FDC or Setseek which you put in the AUTO folder.

After installing TOS 2.06 you must delete the old "DESKTOP.INF" file (if you have one) and reboot. Then you can save the "NEWDESK.INF".
(If you save "NEWDESK.INF" while the old DESKTOP.INF is still in memory you'll end up with a corrupt "NEWDESK.INF". If you reboot after having deleted "DESKTOP.INF" you'll do fine).



____________________________________________



Faulty DMA chip
Though not a TOS issue, since you've already opened up your computer you might as well check for something else...

Dma err.gif

Some of the early STe computers that rolled out of the Atari factory were equipped with a faulty DMA (Direct Memory Access) chip. This chip handles among other things the hard disk, and using one of these computers with a hard disk can result in lost or damaged data.
Apparently this chip wasn't supposed to affect the use of original Atari hard disk drives, but as most people nowadays use third party drives with an SCSI adapter of some sort (Link 96/97, TopLink, ICD Link/Link II etc.) you should definitely check to see if yours is OK or not.

  • Locate the DMA chip. You'll find it under the disk drive, next to the upmost TOS ROM chip.
    It's marked "U300" on the STe circuit board.
  • If your DMA chip has the following numbers it's OK and you can go ahead with a hard disk: C398739-001A
  • If your DMA chip has the following numbers it's faulty and should be replaced (check with an Atari dealer or get hold of another STe as Atari computers are often given away these days!): C025913-38 or C025613-38.




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